Laparoscopy is a kind of surgical diagnostic process that allows a doctor to see what's there inside of the abdomen and pelvis just by making small incisions in the skin. This procedure is usually called minimally invasive or keyhole surgery.
Unlike around 10 years ago, due to the development of the medical science now the surgeons need not make large incisions as they use an instrument named a laparoscope.
This is a small tube-like device with a camera and a light source, which transmits visual effects of everything there inside the abdomen to a clear display. Medical professionals use this device to handle, cut and fasten tissue.
While performing a laparoscopy, the doctor makes a tiny cut of around 0.4 to 0.6 inches, generally near your stomach button.
A pipe is implanted through the hole to pump-in the carbon dioxide gas into the stomach to inflate your stomach, which gives the doctor more space to observe and work on the internal organs more clearly. Then via this pipe, the laparoscope is inserted. The laparoscope displays the images inside to a display in the OT, providing a clear vision of the whole area.
If laparoscopy is employed to execute the surgical procedure, like appendix removal, more cuts will be done in your stomach. Small operative devices can be injected via these holes, and the doctor guides the team to the appropriate place using the laparoscopic view and the surgery is processed in the planned way.
After the surgery completes, the gas inserted into the abdomen is released outside, the cuts are stitched and dressed up.
If the laparoscopy is done to diagnose a disease, the medical procedure takes around 30-60 minutes. If the doctor is treating a condition, it will take more time based on the type of ongoing operation.
A laparoscopy can be practiced for various purposes, health diagnoses, and conditions, involving diagnostic procedures, tubal ligation, and treating specific diseases.