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Laparoscopy is a kind of surgical diagnostic process that allows a doctor to see what's there inside of the abdomen and pelvis just by making small incisions in the skin. This procedure is usually called minimally invasive or keyhole surgery.

Unlike around 10 years ago, due to the development of the medical science now the surgeons need not make large incisions as they use an instrument named a laparoscope.

This is a small tube-like device with a camera and a light source, which transmits visual effects of everything there inside the abdomen to a clear display. Medical professionals use this device to handle, cut and fasten tissue.

The Benefits Of Going For Laparoscopic Surgery Over Traditional Procedures Include:

  • Less bleeding and pain after the surgery
  • Reduced pain, driving to fewer pain killers required.
  • Although surgery duration is slightly higher,quicker recovery and less hospital stay
  • Reduced post-operative scarring
  • Decreased risk of infections, due to less exposure of internal organs to external contaminants
  • Decreased hemorrhaging lessens the possibility of requiring a blood transfusion.
  • In the future, there is a great scope for adopting laparoscopy in gastrointestinal emergencies.

How The Laparoscopy Is Done?

While performing a laparoscopy, the doctor makes a tiny cut of around 0.4 to 0.6 inches, generally near your stomach button.

A pipe is implanted through the hole to pump-in the carbon dioxide gas into the stomach to inflate your stomach, which gives the doctor more space to observe and work on the internal organs more clearly. Then via this pipe, the laparoscope is inserted. The laparoscope displays the images inside to a display in the OT, providing a clear vision of the whole area.

If laparoscopy is employed to execute the surgical procedure, like appendix removal, more cuts will be done in your stomach. Small operative devices can be injected via these holes, and the doctor guides the team to the appropriate place using the laparoscopic view and the surgery is processed in the planned way.

After the surgery completes, the gas inserted into the abdomen is released outside, the cuts are stitched and dressed up.

If the laparoscopy is done to diagnose a disease, the medical procedure takes around 30-60 minutes. If the doctor is treating a condition, it will take more time based on the type of ongoing operation.

Purpose Of Laparoscopy

A laparoscopy can be practiced for various purposes, health diagnoses, and conditions, involving diagnostic procedures, tubal ligation, and treating specific diseases.

Common Reasons For Undergoing A Laparoscopy Include:

  • The analysis and treatment of endometriosis, a pelvic inflammatory disorder, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility in woman
  • The removal of ovarian cysts, uterus, fibroids, lymph nodes, or an ectopic pregnancy To treat a variety of disorders, comprising pelvic organ prolapsed, urinary incontinence, and some form of cancer including those of the cervix, uterus, and ovary.
  • Evaluating certain cancers, including those of the ovary, uterus and cervix.

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