Pulmonary is a sub-specialization of internal medicine that centers on the analysis, prevention, and curing the diseases affecting the respiratory system and lungs. These practices may include evaluation of different components of the respiratory tract, comprising the trachea (windpipe), pharynx (throat), nose, and sinuses. Oftentimes, it also comprises diagnosing other body parts, like the heart.
If you feel it is difficult to breathing, chronic coughing, or wheezing it may be due to a respiratory dysfunction that needs medical observation from a doctor specifically qualified to diagnose and manage pulmonary disorders.
The MR Hospital provides lung and respiratory care services, planned to let you experience techno scientific testing, appropriate analysis, and personalized treatment by a specialized doctor with vast expertise in pulmonary medicine.
Pulmonary Diseases We Diagnose And Treat Include:
- ASTHMA: A chronic disease distinguished by chest tightness, periodic wheezing, coughing, and breathing shortness. Asthma attacks take place when airway inflammation makes them narrow, reducing in-out airflow of the lungs. Asthma attacks can continue for several minutes or some days and can be hazardous if it blocks the airflow.
- BRONCHITIS: Airways inflammation, generally induced by infection in lungs. It can be chronic or acute based on the severity of symptoms and the medical procedures adopted. Symptoms involve moderate fever, wheezing, weakness, breath shortness, and a cough generating mucus. Short-term bronchitis usually accompanies a viral infection in the respiratory tract, such as flu or cold. Secondary infection causes due to bacterial attack is also common.
- BRONCHIECTASIS: Due to the damage and widening of the large bronchial airways, this disease occurs. The bronchial tube enlarges, making small pouches where infection occurs. A person may suffer from bronchiectasis due to any disease or can acquire it by birth. Generally, it occurs due to continuous lung infection or inhaling unhealthy objects. A majority of cases occur due to cystic fibrosis.
- COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a group of disorders associated with the lungs including damage in lung tissues, airway inflammation, and restricted in-out flow of air. Emphysema and long-term bronchitis are the commonly renowned forms of COPD. The patients feel it difficult to breathe, as the tubes carrying air to the lungs and out are partially blocked. Continuous exposure to chemicals, dust, and smoking is the reason for COPD.
- INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASE (ILD): It involves a vast list of chronic lung diseases. Though symptoms of ILD vary based on its specific form, shortness of breath and a dry cough are general to several of these complications. ILD is generally a continuous state that starts with deep lung tissue infection and ultimately results in scarring of the alveoli and the interstitium. This scarring, known as fibrosis, results in stiffening of the lung's elastic tissues, which opposes breathing and makes it troublesome to do daily-life works.
- PULMONARY FIBROSIS: Scarring and thickening of the lungs, especially of the interstitium. This makes it difficult for the lungs to extract oxygen from air by reducing its capacity.
- RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: This is a type of inflammatory lung disease that principally attacks the joints and enclosing tissues. Though, it can also harm the lungs, resulting in pleuritis – lung inflammation, pleural effusion - fluid buildup across the lungs, small lumps - rheumatoid nodules in the lungs, and pulmonary fibrosis - lung scarring.
- PNEUMONIA: Infection that inflames air sacs in one or both lungs, which may fill with fluid or pus. The infection can be life threatening to anyone but particularly to infants, children and people over 65. Symptoms include a cough with pus, fever, chills and difficulty breathing.