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Orthopedics is a medical practice that centers on diseases, disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system covering your joints, bones, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and muscles, which is allowing us to do work actively.

Who Is Orthopedist?

The medical practitioners specialized in treating the diseases related with orthopedics are known as Orthopedists. There are also orthopedic surgeons those who are expertise for doing surgery of bones related problems.

Orthopedists use physical, medical, and rehabilitative approaches to cure physical injuries. And as per the circumstances, the last approach they follow is surgery. They aim to treat the injury with the least possible treatment. It is a medical field of unimaginable breadth and diversity.

Orthopedists are experts in:

  • Determination of the physical damage or injury
  • Treating it with proper medicines, physical workout, operation or other medical procedures
  • Recovery by prescribing physical therapy (physiotherapy) or light exercises to rehabilitate movement, body functionality, and strength.
  • Preventive measures and strategic healing to restrict the disease or injury from growing.

What Do Orthopedists Treat?

Orthopedists help patients to cure a broad array of musculoskeletal diseases. These disorders may be by birth or caused due to an accident or injury or old-age damage and break. Before treating a physical injury, and orthopedists examine whether it is curable by medications or surgery is needed. Then as per the circumstances and patient preference, the required course of medical procedure is followed.

Let's have a look at some of the most common physical disorders that an orthopedist may cure:

  • Pain in joints from osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Injuries in soft tissues like tendon, muscle, and ligament.
  • Backache
  • Pulled muscles and bursitis ruptured disks
  • Bone fractures and dislocations
  • Pain in neck
  • Muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy
  • Pain in shoulders and complains of bursitis
  • Injuries caused due to over physical workout or in sports comprising ACL tears, meniscus tears, and tendinitis.
  • Growth abnormalities in limbs
  • Bunions and hammer toes
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Congenital diseases like scoliosis and clubfoot.
  • Unequal leg length
  • Scoliosis knock knees
  • Abnormalities of the lower and upper extremities such as toe and finger.

Usually, around 50% of orthopedists' practice is dedicated to medical control of injuries without surgery and rest 50% are subjected to surgery. A majority of medical surgeries are to restore function lost due to disease or injury of ligaments, tendons, joints, bones, nerves, muscles, or skin.

The orthopedist also operates jointly with other medical practitioners and provides needed consultancy to other doctors to look after Orthopedics. Orthopedists are a part of the teams managing complicated, multi-system trauma and frequently play an indispensable role in managing and delivering emergency care.


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